Domanda Serializzazione - sovrascrittura writeObject readObject


Avendo ora scritto il codice qui sotto, utilizzare i metodi di sovrascrittura personalizzati readObject () e writeObject () in StudentData per leggere e scrivere le variabili dell'oggetto. Senza usare i metodi defaultWriteObject o defaultReadObject per fare ciò.

Il guaio è che non capisco completamente cosa viene chiesto di fare. ho letto Usi di readObject / writeObject in serializzazione ma non riesco a capirlo. Qualcuno mi indica la giusta direzione?

Il mio codice:

import java.io.*; //importing input-output files

class Student implements java.io.Serializable {

    String name; // declaration of variables
    String DOB;
    int id;

    Student(String naam, int idno, String dob) // Initialising variables to user
                                                // data
    {
        name = naam;
        id = idno;
        DOB = dob;
    }

    public String toString() {
        return name + "\t" + id + "\t" + DOB + "\t";
    }

}
import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStreamReader;
import java.io.ObjectInputStream;
import java.io.ObjectOutputStream;

class StudentData                     //main class
{
    public static void main(String args[]) throws IOException                  //exception handling
    {
        System.out.println("Enter the numbers of students:");
        BufferedReader in = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(System.in));
        int n = Integer.parseInt(in.readLine());

        Student[]  students = new Student[n];

        //Student[]  S=new Student[n];                      // array of objects declared and defined
        for (int i = 0; i < students.length; i++) {
            System.out.println("Enter the Details of Student no: " + (i + 1));             //reading data form the user
            System.out.println("Name: ");
            String naam = in.readLine();
            System.out.println("ID no: ");
            int idno = Integer.parseInt(in.readLine());
            System.out.println("DOB: ");               
            String dob = (in.readLine());

            students[i] = new Student(naam, idno, dob);                          

            File studentFile = new File("StudentData.txt");
            try {
                FileOutputStream fileOutput = new FileOutputStream(studentFile);
                ObjectOutputStream objectOutput = new ObjectOutputStream(fileOutput);
                objectOutput.writeObject(students);

                students = null;

                FileInputStream fileInput = new FileInputStream(studentFile);
                ObjectInputStream objectInputStream = new ObjectInputStream(fileInput);

                students = (Student[]) objectInputStream.readObject();
            } catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }

            for (Student student : students) {
                System.out.println(student);
            }
        }
    }
}

31
2017-10-18 20:46


origine


risposte:


Devi farlo in questo modo:

import java.io.IOException;

class Student implements java.io.Serializable {

    String name;
    String DOB;
    int id;

    Student(String naam, int idno, String dob) {
        name = naam;
        id = idno;
        DOB = dob;
    }

    private void writeObject(java.io.ObjectOutputStream stream)
            throws IOException {
        stream.writeObject(name);
        stream.writeInt(id);
        stream.writeObject(DOB);
    }

    private void readObject(java.io.ObjectInputStream stream)
            throws IOException, ClassNotFoundException {
        name = (String) stream.readObject();
        id = stream.readInt();
        DOB = (String) stream.readObject();
    }

    public String toString() {
        return name + "\t" + id + "\t" + DOB + "\t";
    }

}

Il readObject viene richiamato subito dopo aver creato un'istanza di Student (ignorando il normale costruttore).


53
2017-10-18 20:54